Nest exclosures have increased the breeding success of GLPIPL dramatically. These “mini” or “mid” sized wire cages that are put over a GLPIPL nest reduce the predation rate significantly. The spacing of the cage is large enough for an adult PIPL to escape but small enough that the paw of a fox or the arm of a raccoon can’t get to the eggs.
Unfortunately, once the chicks hatch the cage is no longer useful. The chicks are precocial which means that within a couple hours of hatching, they fluff up and are running around feeding themselves. The small depression in the sand that acted as a nest cup for the eggs is no longer useful…or big enough for all the chicks.